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Coronavirus 2019: What People With Cancer Should Know


Coronavirus 2019: What People With Cancer Should Know

The information will be reviewed and updated daily. It was first published on March 3, 2020.

Merry Jennifer Markham, MD, FACP, is the Acting Chief of the University of Florida (UF) Division of Hematology and Oncology, Associate Professor, UF School of Medicine, and Associate Director of Medical Affairs at UF Health Cancer Center. Specializes in the treatment of gynecological cancers. Dr. Markham is the seat of the ASCO Cancer Communications Committee. Follow her on Twitter at @DrMarkham.

The American Society of Clinical Oncology knows that individuals with malignant growth and disease survivors, especially those with trading off invulnerable frameworks are likely worried about the potential effect of the coronavirus on their health. Patients ought to address their oncologists and human services groups to examine their alternatives and shield themselves from contamination.

What is coronavirus 2019?

Coronavirusdisease 2019 (or COVID-19) is a respiratory disease caused by a novel (or new) the coronavirus that was first identified in an outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause mild illnesses, such as a common cold, to more serious illnesses, such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. , MERS). Because the new coronavirus is related to the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV), it has been called SARS-CoV-2.

The disease can be passed from one person to another, through small drops from the nose or mouth that can spread when a person coughs or sneezes. Another person can get COVID-19 if they inhale these drops or if they touch a surface where these drops fell and then touch their eyes, nose, or mouth. While research on COVID-19 is still recent, the disease is primarily believed to be spread, to a large extent, through contact with these airborne respiratory droplets or landing on surfaces we all touch.

The symptoms of COVID-19 can be mild to severe and can include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include aches and pains, stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, or diarrhea. However, some people who are infected may not develop symptoms.
What can I do to avoid contracting this coronavirus?

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent COVID-19.

The most important way to protect yourself is to avoid exposing yourself to COVID-19, whenever possible. Follow the guidelines on travel restrictions issued by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The USA or the World Health Organization (WHO).

Another essential way to protect yourself is to wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds; that is, how long it would take you to hum the Happy Birthday song from start to finish twice. Patients ought to address their oncologists and human services groups to examine their alternatives and shield themselves from contamination. However, the best way to wash your hands is with soap and water.

  •          In addition to frequent hand washing, it is important that:
     
  •          Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
     
  • If you have to cough or sneeze, use a disposable tissue. Then discard the tissue. Or, cough or sneeze into the elbow and not the hand.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick


 Frequently clean objects and surfaces you touch with household cleaning wipes or spray. These objects and surfaces include door handles, counters, bathrooms, keyboards, tablets, telephones, among others.

Masks are not recommended as a way to prevent COVID-19. However, if you have a respiratory illness, such as influenza or COVID-19, wearing a a mask may prevent the disease from spreading around you.

Should people with cancer take special precautions?

People with cancer, people receiving cancer treatment, older patients, and people with other serious or chronic diseases, such as lung disease, diabetes, or heart disease, are at high risk for serious disease. of COVID-19. People with cancer should follow the same rules as people without cancer: Wash your hands carefully and often. Stop touching your face and avoid contact with people who have diseases.

People at high risk of developing severe COVID-19 disease should avoid nonessential travel during the COVID-19 outbreak. Also, avoid crowds to reduce your exposure to contagion. If there is an outbreak in your community, stay home as much as possible. She makes sure she has enough essential drugs for a month, including prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs.

Be sure to get the flu shot every year to help reduce your risk of getting the flu. Remember, it is still flu season.

What should I do if I think I may have this coronavirus?

Contact your doctor if you have a fever and other symptoms of a respiratory illness, such as a cough and shortness of breath, especially if you were exposed to any of these 2 situations:

    He was in close contact with a person known to have COVID-19.

    Live in or recently traveled to an area known to have an outbreak of the disease.

Call before visiting your health care professional or emergency department and tell them that you think you may have COVID-19. Your health care professional will work with state health departments and local health authorities to find out if you should be tested for SARS-CoV-2.

If you are sick, staying home is the best way to avoid passing the new coronavirus and other respiratory viruses, like the flu, to others.

If you are receiving cancer-suppressing cancer treatment and develop a fever and respiratory symptoms, call your oncologist as usual if you have a fever while receiving treatment. Be sure to follow your directions about when to go to the office or hospital and when it is safest to stay home.

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